Document



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________________
Form 10-Q
_____________________________________________

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
Commission File Number 001-08106
_____________________________________________

http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12525926&doc=13
MasTec, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Florida
65-0829355
(State or Other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)
Identification No.)
 
 
800 S. Douglas Road, 12th Floor,
 
Coral Gables, FL
33134
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
(305) 599-1800
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
þ
 
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨
 
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.)    Yes ¨   No   þ
As of October 29, 2018, MasTec, Inc. had 78,678,759 shares of common stock, $0.10 par value, outstanding.





MASTEC, INC.
FORM 10-Q
QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 

2



PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)


 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenue
$
1,977,227

 
$
1,955,752

 
$
4,991,865

 
$
5,004,116

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization
1,681,438

 
1,726,173

 
4,285,320

 
4,323,642

Depreciation and amortization
54,863

 
50,101

 
156,478

 
138,384

General and administrative expenses
80,311

 
66,397

 
211,535

 
202,001

Interest expense, net
22,330

 
17,578

 
60,183

 
44,966

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates
(7,671
)
 
(7,399
)
 
(19,080
)
 
(15,105
)
Other expense (income), net
323

 
(4,677
)
 
(1,976
)
 
(4,102
)
Income before income taxes
$
145,633

 
$
107,579

 
$
299,405

 
$
314,330

Provision for income taxes
(25,091
)
 
(43,378
)
 
(71,999
)
 
(126,170
)
Net income
$
120,542

 
$
64,201

 
$
227,406

 
$
188,160

Net (loss) income attributable to non-controlling interests
(124
)
 
449

 
(312
)
 
1,770

Net income attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
120,666


$
63,752

 
$
227,718

 
$
186,390

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share (Note 2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
1.55

 
$
0.79

 
$
2.87

 
$
2.31

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
78,096

 
80,953

 
79,399

 
80,859

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share
$
1.52

 
$
0.77

 
$
2.83

 
$
2.27

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
79,201

 
82,386

 
80,484

 
82,281


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.


3



MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)

 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
120,542

 
$
64,201

 
$
227,406

 
$
188,160

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation gains (losses), net of tax
1,230

 
641

 
(945
)
 
2,415

Unrealized gains (losses) on equity investee activity, net of tax
3,137

 
808

 
13,790

 
(1,287
)
Comprehensive income
$
124,909

 
$
65,650

 
$
240,251

 
$
189,288

Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to non-controlling interests
(124
)
 
449

 
(312
)
 
1,770

Comprehensive income attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
125,033

 
$
65,201

 
$
240,563

 
$
187,518


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.



4



MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 (in thousands, except shares and per share amounts)

 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
68,484

 
$
40,326

Accounts receivable, net (Note 5)
2,368,597

 
1,598,015

Inventories, net
125,815

 
76,992

Prepaid expenses
58,767

 
101,270

Other current assets
47,299

 
35,763

Total current assets
$
2,668,962

 
$
1,852,366

Property and equipment, net
736,447

 
706,506

Goodwill, net
1,149,795

 
1,137,738

Other intangible assets, net
177,211

 
191,142

Other long-term assets
242,391

 
178,824

Total assets
$
4,974,806

 
$
4,066,576

Liabilities and equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
83,495

 
$
87,866

Accounts payable
744,305

 
377,954

Accrued salaries and wages
123,654

 
89,087

Other accrued expenses
146,252

 
148,971

Billings in excess of costs and earnings
189,302

 
194,494

Other current liabilities
85,489

 
65,455

Total current liabilities
$
1,372,497

 
$
963,827

Long-term debt
1,688,820

 
1,280,706

Deferred income taxes
258,905

 
204,518

Other long-term liabilities
164,764

 
184,172

Total liabilities
$
3,484,986

 
$
2,633,223

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)


 


Equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $1.00 par value: authorized shares - 5,000,000; issued and outstanding shares – none
$

 
$

Common stock, $0.10 par value: authorized shares - 145,000,000; issued shares - 91,104,071 and 90,935,584 (including 1,460,882 and 1,421,041 of unvested stock awards) as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
9,110

 
9,094

Capital surplus
788,473

 
775,387

Retained earnings
1,086,434

 
857,154

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(50,867
)
 
(63,712
)
Treasury stock, at cost: 12,440,108 and 8,132,811 shares as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
(345,572
)
 
(147,124
)
Total MasTec, Inc. shareholders’ equity
$
1,487,578

 
$
1,430,799

Non-controlling interests
$
2,242

 
$
2,554

Total equity
$
1,489,820

 
$
1,433,353

Total liabilities and equity
$
4,974,806

 
$
4,066,576


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

5



MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)

 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
227,406

 
$
188,160

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
156,478

 
138,384

Non-cash interest expense, net
1,836

 
2,375

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense
10,086

 
10,551

Provision for deferred income taxes
51,405

 
92,188

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates
(19,080
)
 
(15,105
)
Gains on sales of assets, net, including fixed assets held-for-sale
(12,021
)
 
(3,335
)
Other non-cash items, net
5,055

 
14,920

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(763,893
)
 
(334,383
)
Inventories
(37,025
)
 
33,579

Other assets, current and long-term portion
34,495

 
(61,900
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
376,440

 
132,963

Billings in excess of costs and earnings
(9,432
)
 
(54,199
)
Book overdrafts
(8,502
)
 
(4,603
)
Other liabilities, current and long-term portion
13,522

 
26,863

Net cash provided by operating activities
$
26,770

 
$
166,458

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(6,684
)
 
(115,995
)
Capital expenditures
(134,214
)
 
(83,330
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
29,676

 
13,585

Payments for other investments
(36,330
)
 
(77,105
)
Proceeds from other investments
5,415

 
13,416

Net cash used in investing activities
$
(142,137
)
 
$
(249,429
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from credit facilities
2,422,556

 
2,002,430

Repayments of credit facilities
(1,997,392
)
 
(1,840,409
)
Repayments of other borrowings
(15,830
)
 
(12,080
)
Payments of capital lease obligations
(54,560
)
 
(48,748
)
Payments of acquisition-related contingent consideration
(15,929
)
 
(6,676
)
Repurchase of common stock
(198,448
)
 

Distributions to non-controlling interests
(559
)
 
(1,280
)
Proceeds from stock-based awards, net
3,086

 
853

Other financing activities

 
(6,301
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
$
142,924

 
$
87,789

Effect of currency translation on cash
601

 
237

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
$
28,158

 
$
5,055

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
$
40,326

 
$
38,767

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
$
68,484

 
$
43,822

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
65,788

 
$
47,163

Income tax (refunds) payments, net
$
(12,736
)
 
$
77,533

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash information:
 
 
 
Additions to acquisition-related contingent consideration
$
5,711

 
$
89,614

Equipment acquired under capital lease and financing arrangements
$
48,498

 
$
129,567

Accrued capital expenditures
$
7,953

 
$
1,345


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6



MASTEC, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1Business, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of the Business
MasTec, Inc. (collectively with its subsidiaries, “MasTec” or the “Company”) is a leading infrastructure construction company operating mainly throughout North America across a range of industries. The Company’s primary activities include the engineering, building, installation, maintenance and upgrade of communications, energy and utility infrastructure, such as: wireless, wireline/fiber, install-to-the-home and customer fulfillment activities; petroleum and natural gas pipeline infrastructure; electrical utility transmission and distribution; power generation; heavy civil; and industrial infrastructure. MasTec’s customers are primarily in these industries. MasTec reports its results under five reportable segments: (1) Communications; (2) Oil and Gas; (3) Electrical Transmission; (4) Power Generation and Industrial; and (5) Other.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual audited consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 is derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date. Because certain information and footnote disclosures have been condensed or omitted, these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017 contained in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2017 Form 10-K”). In management’s opinion, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented have been included. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Interim period operating results do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year. The Company believes that the disclosures made in these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements are adequate to make the information not misleading.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements include MasTec, Inc. and its subsidiaries and include the accounts of all majority owned subsidiaries over which the Company exercises control and, when applicable, entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Other parties’ interests in entities that MasTec consolidates are reported as non-controlling interests within equity. Net income or loss attributable to non-controlling interests is reported as a separate line item below net income or loss. The Company’s investments in entities for which the Company does not have a controlling interest, but for which it has the ability to exert significant influence, are accounted for using either the equity method of accounting or under the fair value option. Equity method investments are recorded as other long-term assets. Income or loss from these investments is recorded as a separate line item in the statements of operations. Intercompany profits or losses associated with the Company’s equity method investments are eliminated until realized by the investee in transactions with third parties. For equity investees in which the Company has an undivided interest in the assets, liabilities and profits or losses of an unincorporated entity, but the Company does not exercise control over the entity, the Company consolidates its proportional interest in the accounts of the entity. Equity investments, other than those accounted for as equity method investments or those that are consolidated, are measured at fair value if their fair values are readily determinable. Equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values are measured at cost, adjusted for changes from observable market transactions, less impairment. Realized and unrealized gains or losses related to equity investments are recognized in other income or expense.
Management determines whether each business entity in which it has equity interests, debt, or other investments constitutes a variable interest entity (“VIE”) based on the nature and characteristics of such arrangements. If an investment arrangement is determined to be a VIE, then management determines if the Company is the VIE’s primary beneficiary by evaluating several factors, including the Company’s: (i) risks and responsibilities; (ii) ownership interests; (iii) decision making powers; and (iv) financial interests, among other factors. If management determines the Company is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, then it would be consolidated, and other parties’ interests in the VIE would be accounted for as non-controlling interests. The primary beneficiary consolidating the VIE must normally have both (i) the power to direct the primary activities of the VIE and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE, which, in either case, could be significant to the VIE. As of September 30, 2018, the Company determined that certain of its investment arrangements were VIEs. The Company does not, however, have the power to direct the primary activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of these VIEs and the Company is not the primary beneficiary; accordingly, it has not consolidated these VIEs.
Translation of Foreign Currencies
The assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries with a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar are translated into U.S. dollars at period-end exchange rates, with resulting translation gains or losses accumulated within other comprehensive income or loss. Revenue and expenses are translated into U.S. dollars at average rates of exchange during the applicable period. Substantially all of the Company’s foreign operations use their local currency as their functional currency. Currency gains or losses resulting from transactions executed in currencies other than the functional currency are included in other income or expense, net. In these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements, “$” means U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted.
Management Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates are based on historical experience and various other assumptions, the results of which form the basis of making judgments about the Company’s operating results and the carrying values of assets and

7



liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Key estimates include: the recognition of revenue and project profit or loss, which the Company defines as project revenue, less project costs of revenue, including project-related depreciation, in particular, on construction contracts accounted for under the cost-to-cost method, for which the recorded amounts require estimates of costs to complete and the amount of variable consideration included in the contract transaction price; allowances for doubtful accounts; fair value estimates, including those related to business acquisitions, valuations of goodwill and intangible assets, acquisition-related contingent consideration and equity investments; asset lives used in computing depreciation and amortization; fair values of financial instruments; self-insurance liabilities; other accruals and allowances; income taxes; and the estimated effects of litigation and other contingencies. While management believes that such estimates are reasonable when considered in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations taken as a whole, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Significant Accounting Policies
Revenue Recognition
The Company adopted the requirements of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which is also referred to as Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606 (“Topic 606”), under the modified retrospective transition approach effective January 1, 2018, with application to all existing contracts that were not substantially completed as of January 1, 2018. The difference between the recognition criteria under Topic 606 and the Company’s previous revenue recognition practices under the previous revenue recognition guidance, ASC Topic 605-35, was recognized through a cumulative effect adjustment of approximately $2 million that was made to the opening balance of retained earnings as of January 1, 2018. Consistent with the modified retrospective transition approach, the comparative 2017 prior period was not adjusted to conform to the current period presentation.
Under Topic 606, revenue is recognized when, or as, control of promised goods and services is transferred to customers, and the amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for the goods and services transferred. The adoption of Topic 606 did not have, and is not expected to have, a material effect on the timing or amount of revenue recognized as compared with the Company’s previous revenue recognition practices. Revenue is recognized by the Company primarily over time utilizing the cost-to-cost measure of progress, which is an input method, for fixed price contracts and certain master service and other service agreements, consistent with the Company’s previous revenue recognition practices. Under Topic 606, the cost-to-cost measure of progress best depicts the continuous transfer of control of goods or services to the customer, and correspondingly, when performance obligations are satisfied, for these contracts.
Contracts. The Company derives revenue primarily from construction projects performed: i) under master and other service agreements, which provide a menu of available services in a specific geographic territory that are utilized on an as-needed basis, and are typically priced using time and materials or a fixed price per unit basis; or ii) under contracts for specific projects requiring the construction and installation of an entire infrastructure system or specified units within an infrastructure system, which are subject to multiple pricing options, including fixed price, unit price, time and materials, or cost plus a markup. Revenue derived from master service and other service agreements totaled 32% of consolidated revenue for both the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and totaled 36% and 35% for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Fixed price contracts provide for a fixed amount of revenue for the entire project. Revenue from these contracts, as well as for certain projects pursuant to master and other service agreements, is recognized over time using the cost-to-cost measure of progress. For these contracts, the cost-to-cost measure of progress best depicts the continuous transfer of control of goods or services to the customer. Such contracts provide that the customer accept completion of progress to date and compensate the Company for services rendered.
For certain of the Company’s master service and other service agreements, under which it performs installation and maintenance services, primarily for install-to-the-home service providers in its Communications segment, revenue is recognized at a point in time. This is generally when the work order has been fulfilled, which is typically the same day the work is initiated. Point in time revenue accounted for approximately 6% and 7% of consolidated revenue for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, respectively. Substantially all of the Company’s other revenue is recognized over time.
Contract costs include all direct materials, labor and subcontracted costs, as well as indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor, supplies, tools, repairs and the operational costs of capital equipment. The cost estimation process for recognizing revenue over time under the cost-to-cost method is based on the professional knowledge and experience of the Company’s project managers, engineers and financial professionals. Management reviews estimates of total contract transaction price and total project costs on an ongoing basis. Changes in job performance, job conditions and management’s assessment of expected variable consideration are factors that influence estimates of the total contract transaction price, total costs to complete those contracts and the Company’s profit recognition. Changes in these factors could result in revisions to revenue in the period in which the revisions are determined, which could materially affect the Company’s consolidated results of operations for that period. Provisions for losses on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses are determined. For both the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, project profit was affected by less than 5% as a result of changes in contract estimates included in projects that were in process as of December 31, 2017 and 2016. Revenue recognized for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 from performance obligations satisfied, or work completed, in prior periods totaled approximately $72.7 million and $55.6 million, respectively, which represents the effect on revenue for the periods presented of changes in transaction prices from variable consideration on certain projects.
The Company may incur certain costs, such as initial set-up or mobilization costs, that can be capitalized. Such costs were not material for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018.
The timing of customer billings is generally dependent upon advance billing terms, milestone billings based on the completion of certain phases of the work, or when services are provided. Under the typical payment terms of master and other service agreements and fixed price contracts, the customer makes progress payments based on quantifiable measures of performance by the Company as defined by each specific agreement. Progress payments, generally net of amounts retained, are paid by the customer over the duration of the contract. For install-to-the-home contracts, work orders are billed and paid as completed. Amounts billed and due from customers, as well as the amount of contract assets, are classified within accounts

8



receivable, net, in the consolidated balance sheets. See Note 5 - Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowance, and Contract Assets and Liabilities for related discussion. Amounts expected to be collected beyond one year are classified as other long-term assets.
Performance Obligations. A performance obligation is a contractual promise to transfer a distinct good or service to a customer, and is the unit of account under Topic 606. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when or as the performance obligation is satisfied. The Company’s contracts often require significant services to integrate complex activities and equipment into a single deliverable, and are therefore generally accounted for as a single performance obligation, even when delivering multiple distinct services. Contract amendments and change orders are generally not distinct from the existing contract and are accounted for as a modification of the existing contract and performance obligation. The majority of the Company’s performance obligations are completed within one year.
When more than one contract is entered into with a customer on or close to the same date, the Company evaluates whether those contracts should be combined and accounted for as a single contract as well as whether those contracts should be accounted for as one, or more than one, performance obligation. This evaluation requires significant judgment and is based on the facts and circumstances of the various contracts.
Remaining performance obligations represent the amount of unearned transaction prices under contracts for which work is wholly or partially unperformed, including the Company’s share of unearned transaction prices from its proportionately consolidated non-controlled joint ventures. As of September 30, 2018, the amount of the Company’s remaining performance obligations was $5.3 billion. The Company expects to recognize approximately $1.7 billion of its remaining performance obligations as revenue during the remainder of 2018, with the majority of the balance to be recognized in 2019.
Variable Consideration. Transaction prices for the Company’s contracts may include variable consideration, which comprises items such as change orders, claims, incentives and liquidated damages. Management estimates variable consideration for a performance obligation utilizing estimation methods that best predict the amount of consideration to which the Company will be entitled. Variable consideration is included in the estimated transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Management’s estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in transaction price are based largely on engineering studies and legal opinions, past practices with the customer, specific discussions, correspondence or preliminary negotiations with the customer and all other relevant information that is reasonably available. The effect of variable consideration on the transaction price of a performance obligation is typically recognized as an adjustment to revenue on a cumulative catch-up basis, as such variable consideration, which typically pertains to changed conditions and scope, is generally for services encompassed under the existing contract. To the extent unapproved change orders, claims and liquidated damages reflected in transaction prices are not resolved in the Company’s favor, or to the extent incentives reflected in transaction prices are not earned, there could be reductions in, or reversals of, previously recognized revenue.
As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company included approximately $56 million and $146 million, respectively, of change orders and/or claims in the transaction price for certain contracts that were in the process of being resolved in the normal course of business, including through negotiation, arbitration and other proceedings. These transaction price adjustments are included within costs and earnings in excess of billings or accounts receivable, net of allowance, as appropriate. As of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, these change orders and/or claims were primarily related to certain large long-haul pipeline construction projects in the Oil and Gas segment. The Company actively engages with its customers to complete the final approval process, and generally expects these processes to be completed within one year. Amounts ultimately realized upon final acceptance by customers could be higher or lower than such estimated amounts.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
See the revenue recognition discussion within Significant Accounting Policies above, and the recent accounting pronouncements discussion below, for information pertaining to the effects of recently adopted and other recent accounting pronouncements, as updated from the discussion in the Company’s 2017 Form 10-K.
Other Accounting Pronouncements Adopted in 2018
In August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (“ASU 2016-15”) to reduce diversity in practice by providing guidance on the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. This ASU, which the Company adopted as of January 1, 2018, is effective on a retrospective basis, and resulted in the reclassification of certain types of activity in the consolidated statement of cash flows, including the reclassification of $12 million of second quarter 2017 acquisition-related contingent consideration payments in excess of acquisition date liabilities from financing to operating cash flows. Additionally, in connection with the adoption of this ASU, the Company elected to account for distributions received from equity method investees using the nature of distributions approach, under which distributions are classified based on the nature of the activity that generated them. The other provisions of this ASU did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (“ASU 2016-01”), which was further amended in February and in March 2018 by ASU 2018-03, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (“ASU 2018-03”) and ASU 2018-04, Investments - Debt Securities (Topic 320) and Regulated Operations (Topic 980):Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 117 and SEC Release No. 33-9273 (“ASU 2018-04”) to clarify certain aspects of ASU 2016-01 and to update Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) interpretive guidance in connection with the provisions of ASU 2016-01. These ASUs provide guidance for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial assets and financial liabilities, including equity investments other than those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that are consolidated. Equity investments within the scope of these ASUs are required to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. Equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values are permitted to be measured at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus any changes resulting from observable price changes for identical or similar investments of the same issuer (the “measurement alternative”). The Company adopted these ASUs as of January 1, 2018, which was applicable to the Company on a prospective basis, as the Company’s equity investments for which it elected to utilize the measurement alternative, do not have readily determinable fair values. The adoption of these ASUs will result in volatility in other income (expense), net, upon the occurrence of future o

9



bservable price changes or impairments related to these investments. For further information pertaining to the Company’s equity investments, see Note 4 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments. The other provisions of these ASUs did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Other Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the SEC issued Release No. 33-10532, Disclosure Update and Simplification, which amends and clarifies certain financial reporting disclosure requirements. The principal change from this new guidance will be the inclusion of a statement of changes in shareholders' equity in the Company’s interim consolidated financial statements beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2019.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40) Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract (“ASU 2018-15”) to reduce diversity in practice in accounting for the costs of implementing cloud computing arrangements that are service contracts. ASU 2018-15 aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for internal-use software. Accounting for the service element of the cloud computing arrangement is not affected by the new guidance. Under ASU 2018-15, amortization expense, payments for and asset balances related to such capitalized implementation costs are to be presented within the same line items of the entity’s statements of operations, cash flows and balance sheets, respectively, as the related service fee activity and balances would be presented. ASU 2018-15 is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU 2018-13”). ASU 2018-13, which is intended to improve the effectiveness of fair value measurement disclosures, modifies the disclosure requirements for certain estimates and assumptions used in determining the fair value of assets and liabilities. ASU 2018-13 is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718) - Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”). ASU 2018-07 expands the guidance in Topic 718 to include share-based payments for goods and services to non-employees and generally aligns it with the guidance for share-based payments to employees. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which was further clarified and amended in July 2018 by ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases (“ASU 2018-10”) and ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements (“ASU 2018-11”). These ASUs provide revised guidance for lease accounting and related disclosure requirements, including a requirement for lessees to recognize right-of use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for leases with durations greater than twelve months. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company will adopt these ASUs as of January 1, 2019, and expects to adopt the new guidance using the transition method that allows entities to initially apply the new standard as of the date of adoption and recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings as of that date. In addition, the Company expects to utilize the package of practical expedients that allows entities to retain the classification of lease contracts existing as of the date of adoption.
The Company is continuing to assess and quantify the potential effects of the new guidance on its consolidated financial statements, business processes, systems and controls.  The Company’s assessment, which it expects to substantially complete in the fourth quarter of 2018, includes an evaluation of its existing lease portfolio, a comparison of its historical accounting policies and practices to the new standard, and an evaluation of the effect of certain accounting policy elections. The Company is in the process of implementing a new lease accounting and administration software solution in connection with the new standard, and is currently evaluating certain changes to its business processes and internal controls to meet the reporting and disclosure requirements of the new standard. The new guidance is not expected to materially affect the amount of expense recognized under the Company’s current leasing arrangements, however, based on its review to date of existing lease contracts, the amount of incremental lease assets and liabilities to be recognized on its consolidated balance sheets upon adoption is expected to be material. The Company’s expectations may change as its assessment progresses. For information about the Company’s future lease commitments as of December 31, 2017, see Note 8 - Lease Obligations, in the Company’s 2017 Form 10-K.
Note 2Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings or loss per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to MasTec by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period, which excludes non-participating unvested restricted share awards. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to MasTec by the weighted average number of fully diluted shares, as calculated under the treasury stock method, which includes the potential effect of dilutive common stock equivalents, such as issued but unvested restricted shares. If the Company reports a loss, rather than income, the computation of diluted loss per share excludes the effect of dilutive common stock equivalents, as their effect would be anti-dilutive.
The following table provides details underlying the Company’s earnings per share calculations for the periods indicated (in thousands):

10



 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income attributable to MasTec:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income - basic and diluted (a)
$
120,666

 
$
63,752

 
$
227,718

 
$
186,390

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
78,096

 
80,953

 
79,399

 
80,859

Dilutive common stock equivalents
1,105

 
1,433

 
1,085

 
1,422

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
79,201

 
82,386

 
80,484

 
82,281

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional information:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average anti-dilutive common stock equivalents (b)

 

 

 
12

(a)
Calculated as total net income less amounts attributable to non-controlling interests.
(b)
Represents anti-dilutive common stock equivalents as calculated under the treasury stock method.

The Company repurchased approximately 1.6 million and 4.3 million shares of its common stock during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, respectively, as discussed in Note 11 - Equity. Current year share repurchases reduced the Company’s weighted average shares outstanding by 3.5 million shares for the three month period ended September 30, 2018, and by 2.1 million shares for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018 as compared with the respective prior year periods.
Note 3Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The following table provides balances for goodwill by reportable segment as of September 30, 2018 (in millions):
 
Communications
 
Oil and Gas
 
Electrical
Transmission
 
Power Generation and Industrial
 
Total Goodwill
Goodwill, gross
$
467.8

 
$
462.5

 
$
149.9

 
$
142.4

 
$
1,222.6

Accumulated impairment loss

 
(72.8
)
 

 

 
(72.8
)
Goodwill, net
$
467.8

 
$
389.7

 
$
149.9

 
$
142.4

 
$
1,149.8

For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, goodwill included additions of $9.8 million from new business combinations and a net increase of $3.8 million from measurement period adjustments. The net measurement period adjustment consisted primarily of adjustments related to deferred tax liabilities, estimated earn-out liabilities and other purchase price adjustments. For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, currency translation effects related to goodwill and accumulated impairment losses totaled approximately $3.5 million of losses and $2.0 million of gains, respectively.
The following table provides a reconciliation of changes in other intangible assets, net, for the period indicated (in millions):
 
Other Intangible Assets
 
Non-Amortizing
 
Amortizing
 
 
 
Trade Names
 
Pre-Qualifications
 
Customer Relationships and Backlog
 
Other (a)
 
Total
Other intangible assets, gross, as of December 31, 2017
$
34.5

 
$
77.6

 
$
223.0

 
$
21.8

 
$
356.9

Accumulated amortization
 
 
 
 
(152.4
)
 
(13.4
)
 
(165.8
)
Other intangible assets, net, as of December 31, 2017
$
34.5

 
$
77.6

 
$
70.6

 
$
8.4

 
$
191.1

Additions from new business combinations

 

 
2.9

 
0.3

 
3.2

Measurement period adjustments (b)

 

 
0.4

 
(0.7
)
 
(0.3
)
Amortization expense
 
 
 
 
(14.4
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(15.4
)
Currency translation adjustments

 
(1.2
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(1.4
)
Other intangible assets, net, as of September 30, 2018
$
34.5

 
$
76.4

 
$
59.4

 
$
6.9

 
$
177.2

(a)
Consists principally of trade names and non-compete agreements.
(b)
Represents adjustments to preliminary estimates of fair value for the Company’s recent acquisitions.
Amortization expense associated with intangible assets for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 totaled $5.2 million and $6.0 million, respectively, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, totaled $15.4 million and $15.0 million, respectively.
2018 Acquisitions. During the first quarter of 2018, MasTec acquired all of the equity interests in a construction management firm specializing

11



in steel building systems and acquired a wind turbine services company, both of which are included in the Company’s Power Generation and Industrial segment. The aggregate purchase price for these entities was composed of approximately $6.8 million in cash and estimated earn-out liabilities totaling $0.8 million as of September 30, 2018. Determination of the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired and the estimated earn-out liabilities for these acquisitions was preliminary as of September 30, 2018; as a result, further adjustments to these estimates may occur.
2017 Acquisitions. During 2017, MasTec completed three acquisitions, which included all of the equity interests in: (i) a wireline/fiber deployment construction contractor, which is included in the Company’s Communications segment; (ii) a heavy civil construction services company, which is included in the Company’s Power Generation and Industrial segment, and (iii) an oil and gas pipeline equipment company, which is included in the Company’s Oil and Gas segment.
The following table summarizes the fair values of consideration paid and net assets acquired as of the respective dates of acquisition, as adjusted (in millions):
Acquisition consideration:
2017
Cash
$
120.4

Fair value of contingent consideration (earn-out liability)
98.5

Total consideration transferred
$
218.9

Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed:
 
Current assets, primarily composed of accounts receivable and $2.8 million of cash acquired
$
43.8

Property and equipment and other long-term assets
57.2

Amortizing intangible assets
28.1

Current liabilities, including current portion of capital lease obligations and long-term debt
(29.5
)
Long-term debt, including capital lease obligations
(9.9
)
Deferred income taxes and other long-term liabilities
(12.0
)
Total identifiable net assets
$
77.7

Goodwill
$
141.2

Total net assets acquired, including goodwill
$
218.9

Amortizing intangible assets related to the 2017 acquisitions are primarily composed of customer relationships, backlog and certain other intangible assets, which had weighted average lives, as adjusted, of approximately 11 years, 4 years and 6 years, respectively, and a weighted average life of 10 years in total. Amortizing intangible assets are amortized in a manner consistent with the pattern in which the related benefits are expected to be consumed. The goodwill balances for the respective acquisitions represent the estimated value of each acquired company’s geographic presence in key markets, its assembled workforce and management team industry-specific project management expertise, as well as synergies expected to be achieved from the combined operations of the acquired companies and MasTec. Approximately $94 million of the goodwill balance related to the 2017 acquisitions is expected to be tax deductible as of September 30, 2018.
The contingent consideration (earn-out liability) included in the table above equals a portion of the acquired companies’ earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) in excess of thresholds agreed upon with the sellers, if applicable. Earn-outs are generally payable annually for a period of five years, as set forth in the respective purchase agreements. The fair values of the earn-out liabilities were estimated using income approaches such as discounted cash flows or option pricing models and incorporate significant inputs not observable in the market. Key assumptions in the estimated valuations include the discount rate and probability-weighted EBITDA projections. Significant changes in any of these assumptions could result in a significantly higher or lower potential earn-out liability. As of September 30, 2018, the range of remaining potential undiscounted earn-out liabilities for the 2017 acquisitions was estimated to be between $16 million and $161 million; however, there is no maximum payment amount.
For the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, unaudited supplemental pro forma revenue totaled approximately $1,977.2 million and $1,964.8 million, respectively, and unaudited supplemental pro forma net income totaled approximately $121.0 million and $63.5 million, respectively. For the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, unaudited supplemental pro forma revenue totaled approximately $4,994.9 million and $5,109.0 million, respectively, and unaudited supplemental pro forma net income totaled approximately $225.6 million and $190.6 million, respectively. These unaudited pro forma financial results represent the results of operations of the companies acquired as if the acquired companies had been consolidated as of the beginning of the year prior to their acquisition, and are provided for illustrative purposes only. These unaudited pro forma financial results do not purport to be indicative of the actual results that would have been achieved by the combined companies for the periods indicated, or of the results that may be achieved by the combined companies in the future. The Company’s unaudited pro forma financial results were prepared by adjusting the historical results of MasTec to include the unaudited historical results of the acquired businesses described above, and then adjusted for (i) acquisition costs; (ii) amortization expense resulting from the acquired intangible assets; (iii) interest expense as a result of the cash consideration paid; (iv) interest expense from debt repaid upon acquisition; and (iv) elimination of the effects of intercompany transactions and other purchase accounting related adjustments. These unaudited pro forma financial results do not include adjustments to reflect other cost savings or synergies that may have resulted from these acquisitions. Future results may vary significantly due to future events and transactions, as well as other factors, many of which are beyond the Company’s control.
For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, the Company’s consolidated results of operations included acquisition-related revenue of approximately $18.4 million and $141.0 million, respectively, and, for the three month period ended September 30, 2018, an acquisition-related net loss of approximately $0.9 million, and for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, acquisition-related net income of approximately

12



$1.9 million, based on the Company’s consolidated effective tax rates. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017, the Company’s consolidated results of operations included acquisition-related revenue of approximately $62.2 million and $96.1 million, respectively, and acquisition-related net income of approximately $3.2 million and $4.7 million, respectively, based on the Company’s consolidated effective tax rates. These acquisition-related results do not include the effects of acquisition costs or interest expense associated with consideration paid for the related acquisitions.
Note 4Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, equity investments, life insurance assets, cash collateral deposited with insurance carriers, deferred compensation plan assets and liabilities, accounts payable and other current liabilities, acquisition-related contingent consideration and debt obligations.
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or the amount paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value guidance establishes a valuation hierarchy, which requires maximizing the use of observable inputs when measuring fair value. The three levels of inputs that may be used are: (i) Level 1 - quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; (ii) Level 2 - observable market-based inputs or other observable inputs; and (iii) Level 3 - significant unobservable inputs that cannot be corroborated by observable market data, which are generally determined using valuation models incorporating management estimates of market participant assumptions. In instances in which the inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the fair value measurement classification is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Management’s assessment of the significance of a particular item to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, including the consideration of inputs specific to the asset or liability.
Fair values of financial instruments are estimated using public market prices, quotes from financial institutions and other available information. Due to their short-term maturity, the carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other current liabilities approximate their fair values. Management believes the carrying values of notes and other receivables, cash collateral deposited with insurance carriers and outstanding balances on its credit facilities approximate their fair values.
Acquisition-Related Contingent Consideration
Acquisition-related contingent consideration, or “earn-out” liabilities, represent the estimated fair value of future amounts payable for acquisitions of businesses and other interests. Acquisition-related contingent consideration is based on management estimates and entity-specific assumptions, which are Level 3 inputs, and are evaluated on an ongoing basis. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the estimated fair value of the Company’s earn-out liabilities totaled $110.1 million and $117.2 million, respectively, of which $27.5 million and $22.6 million, respectively, was included within other current liabilities. The fair value of the Company’s earn-out liabilities is estimated using income approaches such as discounted cash flows or option pricing models and incorporates significant inputs not observable in the market. Key assumptions include the discount rate and probability-weighted EBITDA projections. Significant changes in any of these assumptions could result in a significantly higher or lower potential earn-out liability. As of September 30, 2018, the range of potential undiscounted earn-out liabilities was estimated to be between $23 million and $173 million; however, there is no maximum payment amount.
Acquisition-related contingent consideration activity consists primarily of additions from new business combinations and acquisitions of other interests; payments; and changes in the expected fair value of future earn-out obligations. Fair value adjustments for earn-out liabilities that relate to circumstances that developed after the date of acquisition are recorded within other income or expense, as appropriate. Fair value adjustments for earn-out liabilities that relate to new information obtained about the facts and circumstances that existed as of the date of acquisition, which are referred to as measurement period adjustments, are recorded to goodwill. There were no additions to acquisition-related contingent consideration from new business combinations for the three month period ended September 30, 2018, and additions for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018 totaled approximately $1.5 million. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017, additions to acquisition-related contingent consideration from new business combinations totaled approximately $64.6 million and $89.6 million, respectively. For the three month period ended September 30, 2018, measurement period adjustments related to acquisition-related contingent consideration totaled an increase of approximately $2.2 million, and for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, totaled a net increase of approximately $4.2 million, and related to businesses in the Company’s Oil and Gas and Power Generation and Industrial segments. Fair value adjustments related to acquisition-related contingent consideration, including those related to finalization of completed earn-out arrangements, totaled net increases of approximately $5.9 million and $10.3 million for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, respectively, primarily for businesses in the Company’s Oil and Gas and Communications segments, and for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017, totaled net decreases of approximately $3.0 million and $11.6 million, respectively, for businesses in the Company’s Communications and Electrical Transmission segments. There were no payments of acquisition-related contingent consideration during the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 or 2017, and payments of acquisition-related contingent consideration during the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 totaled $23.1 million and $18.8 million, respectively.
Equity Investments
The Company’s equity investments as of September 30, 2018 include: (i) the Company’s 33% equity interests in Trans-Pecos Pipeline, LLC (“TPP”) and Comanche Trail Pipeline, LLC (“CTP,” and together with TPP, the “Waha JVs”), which are accounted for as equity method investments; (ii) a $15 million investment in Cross Country Infrastructure Services, Inc. (“CCI”); (iii) the Company’s interests in certain proportionately consolidated non-controlled contractual joint ventures; (iv) the Company’s equity interests in Pensare Acquisition Corp. (“Pensare”); and (v) certain other equity investments. See Note 15 - Related Party Transactions for additional information related to certain of the Company’s equity investments.
The fair values of the Company’s equity investments are not readily determinable. The Company’s equity investments, other than those that are proportionately consolidated, or those accounted for as equity method investments or under the fair value option, are measured at cost, adjusted for changes from observable market transactions, less impairment (“adjusted cost basis”). The Company evaluates its investments for impairment by considering a variety of factors, including the earnings capacity of the related investments. Realized and unrealized fair market value gains or losses related to the Company’s equity investments are recognized in other income or expense. Fair value measurements for the Company’s equity investments

13



are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy based on the nature of the fair value inputs. For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, there were no upward or downward adjustments related to, or impairments of, the Company’s equity investments measured on an adjusted cost basis. The aggregate carrying value of the Company’s equity investments as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 totaled approximately $197 million and $141 million, respectively, including approximately $18 million of equity investments measured on an adjusted cost basis for both periods.
The Waha JVs. The Waha JVs own and operate two pipelines and a header system that transport natural gas to the Mexican border for export, for which operations commenced in the first half of 2017. For both the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company made no equity contributions to these joint ventures, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, made equity contributions totaling $24.5 million and $73.3 million, respectively. The Company previously issued letters of credit in connection with its equity commitments in the Waha JVs. As of September 30, 2018, there were no letters of credit remaining, and as of December 31, 2017, $19 million in letters of credit were outstanding.
Equity in earnings related to the Company’s proportionate share of income from the Waha JVs, which is included within the Company’s Other segment, totaled approximately $7.7 million and $7.4 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and totaled $19.1 million and $15.1 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Cumulative undistributed earnings from the Waha JVs totaled $25.1 million as of September 30, 2018. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, the Company received $3.2 million and $10.9 million, respectively, in distributions of earnings from the Waha JVs, which amounts are included within operating cash flows. The Company’s net investment in the Waha JVs, which differs from its proportionate share of the net assets of the Waha JVs, due primarily to capitalized investment costs, totaled approximately $168 million and $121 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Certain subsidiaries of MasTec have provided pipeline construction services to the Waha JVs. Revenue recognized in connection with work performed for the Waha JVs, including intercompany eliminations, totaled $3.6 million and $255.2 million for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017, respectively, and for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, was de minimis. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, related receivables, net of billings in excess of costs and earnings, totaled $0.1 million and $2.8 million, respectively.
TPP and CTP are party to separate non-recourse financing facilities, each of which are secured by pledges of the equity interests in the respective entities, as well as a first lien security interest over virtually all of TPP’s and CTP’s assets. The Waha JVs are also party to certain interest rate swaps, which are accounted for as qualifying cash flow hedges. The Company reflects its proportionate share of any unrealized fair market value gains or losses from fluctuations in interest rates associated with these swaps within other comprehensive income or loss, as appropriate. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, the Company’s proportionate share of unrecognized unrealized activity on these interest rate swaps was a gain of approximately $4.1 million and $18.1 million, respectively, or $3.1 million and $13.8 million, net of tax, respectively. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017, the Company’s proportionate share of unrecognized unrealized activity on these interest rate swaps was a gain of approximately $1.3 million and a loss of approximately $2.1 million, respectively, or a gain of $0.8 million and a loss of $1.3 million, net of tax, respectively.
Other Investments. During the third quarter of 2017, the Company paid $2.0 million for approximately 4% of the common stock of Pensare and warrants to purchase 2.0 million shares of Pensare common stock, which is a special purpose acquisition company focusing on transactions in the telecommunications industry. José R. Mas, MasTec’s Chief Executive Officer, is a director of Pensare. The shares of common stock purchased by MasTec are not transferable or salable until one year after Pensare successfully completes a business combination transaction, with limited exceptions, as specified in the agreement. The warrants are exercisable at a purchase price of $11.50 per share after Pensare successfully completes a business combination. Both the warrants and shares expire and/or are effectively forfeitable if Pensare does not successfully complete a business combination by February 1, 2019. The shares, which are measured on an adjusted cost basis, and the warrants, which are derivative financial instruments, are included within other long-term assets in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2018. Due to the nature of the restrictions, the fair value of the shares is not readily determinable, and there were no upward or downward adjustments related to these shares during either of the three or nine month periods ended September 30, 2018. As of September 30, 2018, the warrants approximated their initially recorded fair values, as determined based on observable and unobservable inputs, including market volatility and the rights and obligations of the warrants, which are Level 3 inputs.
During the second quarter of 2018, the Company invested $10.0 million for a 38.5% interest in LifeShield, LLC (“LifeShield”), a home security company, which is measured under the fair value option. Management believes that the fair value option provides an accurate reflection of the economic performance of LifeShield and the value of the Company’s equity interest in the business. To determine the fair value of this investment, the Company estimates the fair value of the entity considering both an income approach, based on discounted cash flows, and a market approach, based on market multiples. The resulting fair value estimates are then evaluated to derive a representative fair value estimate of the entity and the Company’s related investment. As of September 30, 2018, the fair value of this investment was determined to approximate its purchase price.
In connection with the 2014 acquisition of Pacer Construction Holdings Corporation and its affiliated operating companies (collectively, “Pacer”), the Company acquired an investment, for which the Company now has minimal involvement, that is in the final stages of being liquidated and is being managed by a receiver. The Company regularly reviews this investment for potential changes in expected recovery estimates, and during the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, recorded $0.9 million of expense related to changes in expected recovery estimates, and during the nine month period ended September 30, 2017, recorded $5.8 million of expense. The Company received $5.4 million of proceeds from the receiver during the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, and received $12.1 million of proceeds during the nine month period ended September 30, 2017. The net carrying value of this asset, which is included within other current assets, totaled $3.0 million and $9.6 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Senior Notes
As of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the gross carrying amount of the Company’s 4.875% senior notes due March 15, 2023 (the “4.875% Senior Notes”), which are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis, totaled $400 million. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the estimated fair value of the 4.875% Senior Notes, based on Level 1 inputs, totaled $401.0 million and $410.0 million, respectively.

14



Note 5Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowance, and Contract Assets and Liabilities
The following table provides details of accounts receivable, net of allowance and contract assets (together, “accounts receivable, net”) as of the dates indicated (in millions):
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Contract billings
$
520.8

 
$
683.9

Less allowance for doubtful accounts
(11.6
)
 
(8.2
)
Accounts receivable, net of allowance
$
509.2

 
$
675.7

Retainage
320.8

 
323.1

Costs and earnings in excess of billings
1,538.6

 
599.2

Retainage and costs and earnings in excess of billings (together, “contract assets”)
$
1,859.4

 
$
922.3

Accounts receivable, net
$
2,368.6

 
$
1,598.0

Contract billings represent the amount of performance obligations that have been billed but not yet collected. Contract assets consist of costs and earnings in excess of billings (“CIEB”) and retainage. CIEB, which is also referred to as work in process, represents the estimated value of unbilled work for projects with performance obligations recognized over time. Retainage represents a portion of the contract amount that has been billed, but for which the contract allows the customer to retain a portion of the billed amount until final contract settlement (generally, from 5% to 10% of contract billings). Retainage is not considered to be a significant financing component because the intent is to protect the customer. CIEB and retainage amounts are generally classified as current assets within the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Retainage that has been billed, but is not due until completion of performance and acceptance by customers, is generally expected to be collected within one year. Accounts receivable expected to be collected beyond one year are recorded within other long-term assets.
The increase in the CIEB balance for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018 was driven largely by long-haul project activity and timing of billings within the Company’s Oil and Gas segment, which the Company expects will be significantly reduced during the fourth quarter through normal billing and collection processes.
Under certain contracts, the Company may be entitled to invoice the customer and receive payments in advance of performing the related contract work. In those instances, the Company recognizes a liability for advance billings in excess of revenue recognized, which is referred to as billings in excess of costs and earnings (“BIEC”). BIEC is not considered to be a significant financing component because it is generally used to meet working capital demands that can be higher in the early stages of a contract. Contract liabilities consist primarily of such BIEC, which are generally classified within current liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. BIEC totaled approximately $189.3 million and $194.5 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized revenue of approximately $25.4 million and $125.6 million, respectively, related to amounts that were included in BIEC as of December 31, 2017, resulting primarily from the advancement of physical progress on the respective projects during the period. Contract liabilities also include the amount of any accrued project losses, which are classified within other current liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Total contract liabilities, including accrued project losses, totaled approximately $197.2 million and $206.1 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Provisions for doubtful accounts for each of the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 totaled $2.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, totaled $3.5 million and $1.1 million, respectively. Impairment losses on contract assets were not material for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018.
The Company is party to non-recourse financing arrangements in the ordinary course of business, under which certain receivables are settled with the customer’s bank in return for a nominal fee. These arrangements, under which amounts can vary based on levels of activity, interest rates and changes in customer payment terms, improve the collection cycle time of the related receivables. Cash collected from these arrangements is reflected within cash provided by operating activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows. The discount charge, which is included within interest expense, net, totaled approximately $3.2 million and $2.1 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and totaled approximately $8.2 million and $4.7 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.


15



Note 6Property and Equipment, Net
The following table provides details of property and equipment, net, including property and equipment held under capital leases as of the dates indicated (in millions):
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Land
$
4.6

 
$
4.6

Buildings and leasehold improvements
29.6

 
26.7

Machinery and equipment
1,350.6

 
1,261.9

Office furniture and equipment
160.3

 
149.9

Construction in progress
25.1

 
12.5

Total property and equipment
$
1,570.2

 
$
1,455.6

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(833.8
)
 
(749.1
)
Property and equipment, net
$
736.4

 
$
706.5

The gross amount of capitalized internal-use software, which is included within office furniture and equipment, totaled $117.2 million and $109.9 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Capitalized internal-use software, net of accumulated amortization, totaled $24.1 million and $23.5 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense associated with property and equipment for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 totaled $49.7 million and $44.1 million, respectively, and totaled $141.0 million and $123.4 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Note 7Debt
The following table provides details of the carrying values of debt as of the dates indicated (in millions):
Description
 
Maturity Date
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Senior secured credit facility:
 
February 22, 2022
 
 
 
 
Revolving loans
 
$
815.1

 
$
377.7

Term loan
 
381.9

 
396.9

4.875% Senior Notes
 
March 15, 2023
 
400.0

 
400.0

Capital lease obligations, weighted average interest rate of 3.8%
 
In installments through August 1, 2023
 
173.9

 
181.2

Other debt obligations
 
Varies
 
12.2

 
25.8

Total long-term debt obligations
 
$
1,783.1

 
$
1,381.6

Less unamortized deferred financing costs
 
(10.8
)
 
(13.0
)
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs
 
$
1,772.3

 
$
1,368.6

Current portion of long-term debt
 
83.5

 
87.9

Long-term debt
 
$
1,688.8

 
$
1,280.7

Senior Secured Credit Facility
The Company has a senior secured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). Under the Credit Facility, aggregate borrowing commitments totaled approximately $1.5 billion as of September 30, 2018, composed of $1.1 billion of revolving commitments and a term loan of approximately $0.4 billion. The term loan is subject to amortization in quarterly principal installments. An initial installment of $3.1 million was paid in December 2017, and quarterly installments of $5.0 million commenced in the first quarter of 2018. Quarterly principal installments on the term loan are subject to adjustment, if applicable, for certain prepayments.
As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, outstanding revolving loans, which included $111 million and $117 million, respectively, of borrowings denominated in foreign currencies, accrued interest at weighted average rates of approximately 4.29% and 3.69% per annum, respectively. The term loan accrued interest at a rate of 3.99% and 3.07% as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Letters of credit of approximately $89.0 million and $157.1 million were issued as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, letters of credit fees accrued at 0.875% and 0.625% per annum, respectively, for performance standby letters of credit, and at 1.75% and 1.50% per annum, respectively, for financial standby letters of credit. Outstanding letters of credit mature at various dates and most have automatic renewal provisions, subject to prior notice of cancellation. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, availability for revolving loans totaled $196.0 million and $565.2 million, respectively, or up to $196.0 million and $492.9 million, respectively, for new letters of credit. Revolving loan borrowing capacity included $83.3 million and $183.4 million of availability in either Canadian dollars or Mexican pesos as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The unused facility fee as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 accrued at a rate of 0.35% and 0.25%, respectively.

16



The Credit Facility is guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company (the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”) and the obligations under the Credit Facility are secured by substantially all of the Company’s and the Guarantor Subsidiaries’ respective assets, subject to certain exceptions.
Other Credit Facilities. The Company has other credit facilities that support: (i) the working capital requirements of its foreign operations, and (ii) certain letter of credit issuances. Borrowings under the Company’s foreign credit facilities, which have varying dates of maturity and are generally renewed on an annual basis, are denominated in Canadian dollars. As of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, maximum borrowing capacity totaled Canadian $20.0 million, or approximately $15.5 million and $15.9 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, outstanding borrowings totaled approximately $10.3 million and $10.4 million, respectively, and accrued interest at a weighted average rate of approximately 4.5% and 4.0%, respectively. Outstanding borrowings that are not renewed are repaid with borrowings under the Credit Facility. Accordingly, the carrying amounts of the Company’s borrowings under its other credit facilities, which are included within other debt obligations in the table above, are classified within long-term debt in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Additionally, the Company has a separate credit facility, under which it may issue up to $50.0 million of performance standby letters of credit.  As of September 30, 2018, letters of credit issued under this facility totaled $17.1 million and accrued fees at 0.75% per annum.
The Company’s other credit facilities are subject to customary provisions and covenants.
Debt Guarantees and Covenants
The 4.875% Senior Notes are senior unsecured unsubordinated obligations and rank equal in right of payment with existing and future unsubordinated debt, and rank senior in right of payment to existing and future subordinated debt and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured, unsubordinated, joint and several basis by certain of the Company’s existing and future 100%-owned direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries that are each guarantors of the Credit Facility or other outstanding indebtedness. See Note 16 - Supplemental Guarantor Condensed Unaudited Consolidating Financial Information.
MasTec was in compliance with the provisions and covenants of its outstanding debt instruments as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
Additional Information
As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, accrued interest payable, which is recorded within other accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheets, totaled $3.2 million and $7.4 million, respectively. For additional information pertaining to the Company’s debt instruments, including its 4.875% Senior Notes, see Note 7 - Debt in the Company’s 2017 Form 10-K.
Note 8Lease Obligations
Capital Leases
MasTec enters into agreements that provide lease financing for machinery and equipment. The gross amount of assets held under capital leases as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, which are included within property and equipment, net, totaled $356.6 million and $418.0 million, respectively. Assets held under capital leases, net of accumulated depreciation, totaled $247.1 million and $277.3 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Operating Leases
In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into non-cancelable operating leases for certain of its facility, vehicle and equipment needs, including related party leases. See Note 15 - Related Party Transactions. Rent and related expense for operating leases that have non-cancelable terms in excess of one year totaled approximately $33.1 million and $25.4 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and totaled $85.4 million and $77.6 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company also incurred rent and related expense for facilities, vehicles and equipment having original terms of one year or less totaling approximately $142.7 million and $159.4 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and totaling $339.4 million and $347.8 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Note 9Stock-Based Compensation and Other Employee Benefit Plans
The Company has stock-based compensation plans, under which shares of the Company’s common stock are reserved for issuance. Under all stock-based compensation plans in effect as of September 30, 2018, including employee stock purchase plans, there were approximately 4,651,000 shares available for future grant.
Restricted Shares
MasTec grants restricted stock awards and restricted stock units (together “restricted shares”) to eligible employees and directors, which are valued based on the closing market share price of MasTec common stock (the “market price”) on the date of grant. During the restriction period, holders of restricted stock awards are entitled to vote the shares. Total unearned compensation related to restricted shares as of September 30, 2018 was approximately $16.3 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.8 years. The intrinsic value of restricted shares that vested, which is based on the market price on the date of vesting, totaled $0.6 million and $0.1 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and totaled $2.3 million and $11.9 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

17



Activity, restricted shares: (a)
Restricted
Shares
 
Per Share Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Non-vested restricted shares, as of December 31, 2017
1,448,591

 
$
23.29

Granted
119,511

 
50.53

Vested
(50,966
)
 
22.19

Canceled/forfeited
(36,954
)
 
21.42

Non-vested restricted shares, as of September 30, 2018
1,480,182

 
$
25.57

(a)
Includes 19,300 and 27,550 restricted stock units as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

Employee Stock Purchase Plans
The Company has certain employee stock purchase plans (collectively, “ESPPs”) under which shares of the Company's common stock are available for purchase by eligible employees. The following table provides details pertaining to the Company’s ESPPs for the periods indicated:
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash proceeds (in millions)
$
3.1

 
$
2.4

Common shares issued
79,459

 
68,789

Weighted average price per share
$
39.36

 
$
34.72

Weighted average per share grant date fair value
$
9.62

 
$
9.00

Non-Cash Stock-Based Compensation Expense
Details of non-cash stock-based compensation expense and related tax effects for the periods indicated were as follows (in millions):
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Non-cash stock-based compensation expense
$
3.5

 
$
3.4

 
$
10.1

 
$
10.5

Income Tax Effects:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax effect of non-cash stock-based compensation
$
0.9

 
$
1.3

 
$
2.7

 
$
3.8

Excess tax benefit from non-cash stock-based compensation (a)
$
0.1

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.3

 
$
0.1

(a)
Excess tax benefits represent cash flows from tax deductions in excess of the tax effect of compensation expense associated with share-based payment arrangements. For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized a tax benefit, net of tax deficiencies, related to the vesting of share-based payment awards of $0.3 million, and for the nine month period ended September 30, 2017, recognized a tax deficiency, net of tax benefits, of $0.1 million.
Note 10Other Retirement Plans
Multiemployer Plans. Certain of MasTec’s subsidiaries, including certain subsidiaries in Canada, contribute amounts to multiemployer pension and other multiemployer benefit plans and trusts (“MEPPs”), which are recorded as a component of employee wages and salaries within costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization. Contributions are generally based on fixed amounts per hour per employee for employees covered under these plans. Multiemployer plan contribution rates are determined annually and assessed on a “pay-as-you-go” basis based on union employee payrolls. Union payrolls cannot be determined for future periods because the number of union employees employed at a given time, and the plans in which they participate, vary depending upon the location and number of ongoing projects and the need for union resources in connection with those projects. Total contributions to multiemployer plans and the related number of employees covered by these plans, including with respect to the Company’s Canadian operations, for the periods indicated were as follows:

18



 
Multiemployer Plans
 
Covered Employees
 
Contributions (in millions)
 
Low
 
High
 
Pension
 
Other Multiemployer
 
Total
For the Three Months Ended September 30:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018
6,183

 
6,336

 
$
35.0

 
$
0.9

 
$
35.9

2017
3,669

 
7,057

 
$
36.7

 
$
2.7

 
$
39.4

For the Nine Months Ended September 30:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018
2,018

 
6,336

 
$
66.0

 
$
5.1

 
$
71.1

2017
550

 
7,057

 
$
68.1

 
$
8.0

 
$
76.1

The fluctuations in the number of employees covered under multiemployer plans and related contributions in the table above related primarily to timing of activity for the Company’s union resource-based projects, the majority of which are within its oil and gas operations.
Note 11Equity
Share Activity
The Company’s share repurchase programs provide for the repurchase of shares of MasTec common stock from time to time in open market transactions or in privately-negotiated transactions in accordance with applicable securities laws. The timing and the amount of any repurchases is determined based on market conditions, legal requirements, cash flow and liquidity needs and other factors. The Company’s share repurchase programs do not have an expiration date and may be modified or suspended at any time at the Company’s discretion. Share repurchases, which are recorded at cost and are held in the Company’s treasury, are funded with available cash or with availability under the Credit Facility.
During the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, the Company repurchased approximately 1.6 million and 4.3 million shares of its common stock, respectively, for an aggregate purchase price of $70.1 million and $198.4 million, respectively. Of the total repurchased shares, 2.0 million were repurchased in the first quarter of 2018 for $98.4 million under a now completed $100 million share repurchase program that was established in 2016. The additional 2.3 million shares were repurchased under a separate $100 million share repurchase program that was authorized in March 2018 and completed in the third quarter. In September 2018, a new $150 million share repurchase program was authorized, all of which remains available as of September 30, 2018.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated other comprehensive loss is composed of unrealized foreign currency gains and losses from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries with a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar, as well as unrealized gains and losses from certain investment activities. Unrealized foreign currency activity for each of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is primarily related to translation gains and losses resulting from the Company’s Canadian operations, and unrealized investment activity for each of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 relates to unrealized gains and losses on interest rate swaps associated with the Waha JVs.
Note 12Income Taxes
In determining the quarterly provision for income taxes, management uses an estimated annual effective tax rate based on forecasted annual pre-tax income, permanent tax differences, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates. The effect of significant discrete items is separately recognized in the quarter(s) in which they occur.
In December 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Tax Act”) was enacted, which included broad tax reform that is applicable to the Company. Under the provisions of the 2017 Tax Act, the U.S. corporate tax rate decreased from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018. The Company completed an initial remeasurement of its U.S. deferred tax assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2017 as a result of this new tax law and recognized a non-cash tax benefit of $120.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. This initial remeasurement contained estimates of the effect of the 2017 Tax Act, as permitted under Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) 118. In March 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, which amended Topic 740 to incorporate the requirements of SAB 118. Under this guidance, revisions to the initial remeasurement of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2017 are to be treated in accordance with the measurement period guidance as outlined in Topic 740 and SAB 118. Such revisions could result from refinement of the Company’s initial calculations, additional interpretations of the 2017 Tax Act, newly obtained information pertaining to the Company’s deferred tax balances as of December 31, 2017, and/or tax accounting method changes.
For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized a net tax benefit of approximately $16.4 million related to the 2017 Tax Act, primarily from finalization of its tax return for the year ended December 31, 2017, certain tax accounting method changes and other adjustments to the initial remeasurement of its deferred tax balances as of December 31, 2017. While the Company has substantially completed its provisional analysis, additional adjustments to its estimates may be required, which could affect the Company’s provision for income taxes in future periods.


19



Note 13Segments and Related Information
Segment Discussion
MasTec manages its operations under five operating segments, which represent MasTec’s five reportable segments: (1) Communications; (2) Oil and Gas; (3) Electrical Transmission; (4) Power Generation and Industrial and (5) Other. This structure is generally focused on broad end-user markets for MasTec’s labor-based construction services. All five reportable segments derive their revenue from the engineering, installation and maintenance of infrastructure, primarily in North America.
The Communications segment performs engineering, construction, maintenance and customer fulfillment activities related to communications infrastructure primarily for wireless and wireline/fiber communications and install-to-the-home customers, and, to a lesser extent, infrastructure for utilities, among others. MasTec performs engineering, construction and maintenance services on oil and natural gas pipelines and processing facilities for the energy and utilities industries through its Oil and Gas segment. The Electrical Transmission segment primarily serves the energy and utility industries through the engineering, construction and maintenance of electrical transmission lines and substations. The Power Generation and Industrial segment primarily serves energy, utility and other end-markets through the installation and construction of conventional and renewable power facilities, related electrical transmission infrastructure, ethanol/biofuel facilities and various types of heavy civil and industrial infrastructure. The Other segment includes equity investees, the services of which vary from those provided by the Company’s four primary segments, as well as other small business units that perform construction and other services for a variety of international end-markets.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) is the measure of profitability used by management to manage its segments and, accordingly, in its segment reporting. As appropriate, the Company supplements the reporting of consolidated financial information determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP with certain non-U.S. GAAP financial measures, including EBITDA. The Company believes these non-U.S. GAAP measures provide meaningful information and help investors understand the Company’s financial results and assess its prospects for future performance. The Company uses EBITDA to evaluate its performance, both internally and as compared with its peers, because it excludes certain items that may not be indicative of the Company’s core operating results for its reportable segments, as well as items that can vary widely across different industries or among companies within the same industry, and for non-cash stock-based compensation expense, can also be subject to volatility from changes in the market price per share of the Company’s common stock or variations in the value of shares granted. Segment EBITDA is calculated in a manner consistent with consolidated EBITDA.
For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, Other segment EBITDA included project gains of $1.0 million from a proportionately consolidated non-controlled Canadian joint venture, which is managed by a third party, and for which the Company has minimal direct construction involvement, whereas for the nine month period ended September 30, 2017, Other segment EBITDA included project losses from this non-controlled joint venture of $7.4 million.
Summarized financial information for MasTec’s reportable segments is presented and reconciled to consolidated financial information for total MasTec in the following tables, including a reconciliation of consolidated income before income taxes to EBITDA, all of which are presented in millions. The tables below may contain slight summation differences due to rounding.
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
Revenue:
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Communications (a)
$
661.7

 
$
610.5

 
$
1,907.5

 
$
1,762.2

Oil and Gas
1,035.9

 
1,161.0

 
2,341.6

 
2,757.2

Electrical Transmission
99.1

 
81.8

 
297.6

 
277.3

Power Generation and Industrial
179.6

 
96.9

 
443.2

 
204.1

Other
1.6

 
10.6

 
3.7

 
14.2

Eliminations
(0.7
)
 
(5.0
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(10.9
)
Consolidated revenue
$
1,977.2

 
$
1,955.8

 
$
4,991.9

 
$
5,004.1

(a)
Revenue generated primarily by utilities customers represented 13.9% and 13.0% of Communications segment revenue for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and represented 15.1% and 12.6% for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
EBITDA:
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Communications
$
74.8

 
$
65.3

 
$
230.6

 
$
173.2

Oil and Gas
155.8

 
108.1

 
311.5

 
356.1

Electrical Transmission
3.1

 
4.5

 
5.0

 
11.2

Power Generation and Industrial
9.7

 
9.3

 
24.3

 
14.8

Other
7.0

 
10.1

 
19.7

 
11.6

Corporate
(27.6
)
 
(22.0
)
 
(75.0
)
 
(69.2
)
Consolidated EBITDA
$
222.8

 
$
175.3

 
$
516.1

 
$
497.7



20



 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
Depreciation and Amortization:
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Communications
$
14.5

 
$
13.8

 
$
44.4

 
$
39.4

Oil and Gas
30.6

 
26.0

 
82.1

 
71.1

Electrical Transmission
4.8

 
5.8

 
15.2

 
17.3

Power Generation and Industrial
3.4

 
2.9

 
9.9

 
5.8

Other
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.1

 
0.1

Corporate
1.6

 
1.6

 
4.8

 
4.7

Consolidated depreciation and amortization
$
54.9

 
$
50.1

 
$
156.5

 
$
138.4


 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
EBITDA Reconciliation:
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Income before income taxes
$
145.6

 
$
107.6

 
$
299.4

 
$
314.3

Plus:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
22.3

 
17.6

 
60.2

 
45.0

Depreciation and amortization
54.9

 
50.1

 
156.5

 
138.4

Consolidated EBITDA
$
222.8

 
$
175.3

 
$
516.1

 
$
497.7

Foreign Operations. MasTec operates in North America, primarily in the United States and Canada, and, to a lesser extent, in Mexico. For both the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue of $1.9 billion was derived from U.S. operations, and revenue of $41.4 million and $61.0 million, respectively, was derived from foreign operations, the majority of which was from the Company’s Canadian operations in its Oil and Gas segment. For the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue of $4.9 billion and $4.8 billion, respectively, was derived from U.S. operations, and revenue of $101.9 million and $160.7 million, respectively, was derived from foreign operations, the majority of which was from the Company’s Canadian operations in its Oil and Gas segment. Long-lived assets held in the U.S. included property and equipment, net, of $697.5 million and $649.5 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and, for the Company’s businesses in foreign countries, the majority of which are in Canada, totaled $38.9 million and $57.0 million, respectively. Intangible assets and goodwill, net, related to the Company’s U.S. operations totaled approximately $1.2 billion as of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and for the Company’s businesses in foreign countries, the majority of which are in Canada, totaled approximately $108.4 million and $112.8 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, amounts due from customers from which foreign revenue was derived accounted for approximately 3% and 5%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net accounts receivable position, which represents accounts receivable, net, less BIEC.
Significant Customers
Revenue concentration information for significant customers as a percentage of total consolidated revenue was as follows:
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
Customer:
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
AT&T (including DIRECTV®) (a)
21%
 
21%
 
24%
 
25%
EQT Corporation (b)
28%
 
—%
 
18%
 
—%
Energy Transfer affiliates (c)
12%
 
49%
 
17%
 
40%
(a)
The Company’s relationship with AT&T is based upon multiple separate master service and other service agreements, including for installation and maintenance services, as well as construction/installation contracts for AT&T’s: (i) wireless business; (ii) wireline/fiber businesses; and (iii) various install-to-the-home businesses, including DIRECTV®. Revenue from AT&T is included in the Communications segment.
(b)
The Company's relationship with EQT Corporation and its affiliates is based upon various construction contracts for pipeline activities. Revenue from EQT Corporation is included in the Oil and Gas segment.
(c)
The Company's relationship with Energy Transfer affiliates is based upon various construction contracts for pipeline activities with Energy Transfer Partners L.P., and its subsidiaries and affiliates, all of which are consolidated by Energy Transfer Equity, L.P. Revenue from Energy Transfer affiliates is included in the Oil and Gas segment.
Note 14Commitments and Contingencies
MasTec is subject to a variety of legal cases, claims and other disputes that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of its business, including project contract price and acquisition purchase price disputes. MasTec cannot provide assurance that it will be successful in recovering all or any of the potential damages it has claimed or in defending claims against the Company. The outcome of such cases, claims and disputes cannot be predicted with certainty and an unfavorable resolution of one or more of them could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial

21



condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Other Commitments and Contingencies
Leases. In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into non-cancelable operating leases for certain of its facility, vehicle and equipment needs, including related party leases. See Note 8 - Lease Obligations and Note 15 - Related Party Transactions.
Letters of Credit. In the ordinary course of business, the Company is required to post letters of credit for its insurance carriers, surety bond providers and in support of performance under certain contracts as well as certain obligations associated with the Company’s equity investments, including its variable interest entities. Such letters of credit are generally issued by a bank or similar financial institution. The letter of credit commits the issuer to pay specified amounts to the holder of the letter of credit under certain conditions. If this were to occur, the Company would be required to reimburse the issuer of the letter of credit, which, depending upon the circumstances, could result in a charge to earnings. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were $106.1 million and $157.1 million, respectively, of letters of credit issued under the Company’s credit facilities. The Company is not aware of any material claims relating to its outstanding letters of credit as of September 30, 2018 or December 31, 2017.
Performance and Payment Bonds. In the ordinary course of business, MasTec is required by certain customers to provide performance and payment bonds for contractual commitments related to projects in process. These bonds provide a guarantee to the customer that the Company will perform under the terms of a contract and that the Company will pay subcontractors and vendors. If the Company fails to perform under a contract or to pay subcontractors and vendors, the customer may demand that the surety make payments or provide services under the bond. The Company must reimburse the surety for expenses or outlays it incurs. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, outstanding performance and payment bonds approximated $112.5 million and $119.7 million, respectively, and estimated costs to complete projects secured by these bonds totaled $48.9 million and $46.0 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. These amounts do not include performance and payment bonds associated with the Company’s equity investments.
Investment Arrangements. From time to time, the Company may participate in selected investment or strategic arrangements to expand its operations, customer base or geographic reach, including arrangements that combine the Company’s skills and resources with those of others to allow for the performance of particular projects. The Company holds undivided interests, ranging from 85% to 90%, in multiple proportionately consolidated non-controlled contractual joint ventures that provide infrastructure construction services for electrical transmission projects. The Company also holds a 35% undivided interest in a proportionately consolidated non-controlled Canadian contractual joint venture that was underway when the Company acquired Pacer in 2014, whose sole activity involves the construction of a bridge, a business in which the Company does not otherwise engage. This joint venture, which is managed by a third party, and for which the Company has minimal direct construction involvement, automatically terminates upon completion of the project. Income and/or losses incurred by these joint ventures are generally shared proportionally by the respective joint venture members, with the members of the joint ventures jointly and severally liable for all of the obligations of the joint venture. The respective joint venture agreements provide that each joint venture partner indemnify the other party for any liabilities incurred by such joint venture in excess of its ratable portion of such liabilities. Thus, it is possible that the Company could be required to pay or perform obligations in excess of its share if the other joint venture partners fail or refuse to pay or perform their respective share of the obligations. As of September 30, 2018, the Company was not aware of circumstances that would reasonably lead to material future claims against it in connection with these arrangements. Included in the Company’s cash balances as of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are amounts held by entities that are proportionately consolidated totaling $17.3 million. These amounts are available to support the operations of those entities, but are not available for the Company’s other operations. Advances on project work associated with the Company’s proportionately consolidated contractual joint ventures, which are reflected within other current liabilities, totaled $10.3 million as of September 30, 2018.
The Company has other investment arrangements, as discussed in Note 4 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Note 15 - Related Party Transactions. The Company may incur costs or provide financing, performance, financial and/or other guarantees to or in connection with its investment arrangements.
Self-Insurance. MasTec maintains insurance policies for workers’ compensation, general liability and automobile liability, which are subject to per claim deductibles. The Company is self-insured up to the amount of the deductible. The Company also maintains excess umbrella coverage. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, MasTec’s liability for unpaid claims and associated expenses, including incurred but not reported losses related to these policies, totaled $101.2 million and $106.2 million, respectively, of which $64.3 million and $72.2 million, respectively, were reflected within other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. MasTec also maintains an insurance policy with respect to employee group medical claims, which is subject to annual per employee maximum losses. MasTec’s estimated liability for employee group medical claims totaled $2.8 million and $2.6 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The Company is required to post collateral, generally in the form of letters of credit, surety bonds and cash collateral to certain of its insurance carriers. Insurance-related letters of credit for the Company’s workers’ compensation, general liability and automobile liability policies amounted to $67.6 million and $88.9 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Outstanding surety bonds related to self-insurance programs amounted to $35.9 million and $15.2 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. In addition, cash collateral deposited with insurance carriers, which is included within other long-term assets, amounted to $1.6 million for these policies as of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
Employment Agreements. The Company has employment agreements with certain executives and other employees, which provide for compensation and certain other benefits and for severance payments under certain circumstances. Certain employment agreements also contain clauses that become effective upon a change in control of the Company. Upon the occurrence of any of the defined events in the various employment agreements, the Company would be obligated to pay certain amounts to the relevant employees, which vary with the level of the employees’ respective responsibility.
Collective Bargaining Agreements and Multiemployer Plans. As discussed in Note 10 - Other Retirement Plans, certain of MasTec’s subsidiaries are party to various collective bargaining agreements with unions representing certain of their employees, which require the Company to pay specified wages, provide certain benefits and contribute certain amounts to MEPPs. The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended by the Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1980 (collectively, “ERISA”), which governs U.S.-registered multiemployer pension

22



plans, subjects employers to substantial liabilities in the event of an employer’s complete or partial withdrawal from, or upon termination of, such plans. The Company currently contributes, and in the past, has contributed to, plans that are underfunded, and, therefore, could have potential liability associated with a voluntary or involuntary withdrawal from, or termination of, these plans. As of September 30, 2018, the Company does not have plans to withdraw from, and is not aware of circumstances that would reasonably lead to material claims against it, in connection with the MEPPs in which it participates. There can be no assurance, however, that the Company will not be assessed liabilities in the future, including in the form of a surcharge on future benefit contributions. The amount the Company could be obligated to pay or contribute in the future cannot be estimated, as these amounts are based on future levels of work of the union employees covered by these plans, investment returns and the level of underfunding of such plans.
Indemnities. The Company generally indemnifies its customers for the services it provides under its contracts, as well as other specified liabilities, which may subject the Company to indemnity claims, liabilities and related litigation. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company was not aware of any material asserted or unasserted claims in connection with these indemnity obligations.
Other Guarantees. In the ordinary course of its business, from time to time, MasTec guarantees the obligations of its subsidiaries, including obligations under certain contracts with customers, certain lease obligations and in some states, obligations in connection with obtaining contractors’ licenses. MasTec has also issued performance and other guarantees in connection with certain of its equity investments. MasTec also generally warrants the work it performs for a one to two year period following substantial completion of a project. Much of the work performed by the Company is evaluated for defects shortly after the work is completed. Warranty claims are not, and have historically not been, material. However, if warranty claims occur, the Company could be required to repair or replace warrantied items, or, if customers elect to repair or replace the warrantied item using the services of another provider, the Company could be required to pay for the cost of the repair or replacement.
Concentrations of Risk. The Company had approximately 435 customers for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018. As of September 30, 2018, two customers each accounted for approximately 36% and 27%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net accounts receivable position, which represents accounts receivable, net, less BIEC. As of December 31, 2017, two customers each accounted for approximately 46% and 15%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net accounts receivable position. In addition, the Company derived 76% and 83%, respectively, of its revenue from its top ten customers for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and derived 73% and 80% of its revenue, respectively, from its top ten customers for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
Note 15Related Party Transactions
MasTec purchases, rents and leases equipment and purchases various types of supplies and services used in its business from a number of different vendors on a non-exclusive basis, and from time to time, rents equipment to certain entities, including entities that are associated with members of subsidiary management. For the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, related party lease payments to such entities for operational facilities and equipment totaled approximately $11.8 million and $11.3 million, respectively, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, totaled approximately $30.1 million and $38.4 million, respectively. Payables associated with these related party lease payments totaled approximately $4.7 million and $0.1 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Additionally, payments to such related party entities for various types of supplies and services, including ancillary construction services, project-related site restoration and marketing and business development activities, totaled approximately $22.4 million and $26.4 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and totaled $35.8 million and $41.0 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, related amounts payable totaled approximately $37.9 million and $5.2 million, respectively. Revenue from equipment rentals to such related party entities totaled approximately $0.7 million for both the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, and related amounts receivable totaled approximately $0.7 million as of September 30, 2018.
MasTec performs certain construction services for two entities, of which a member of subsidiary management is a minority owner. Revenue from these arrangements totaled approximately $2.5 million and $1.0 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, totaled approximately $8.7 million and $1.0 million, respectively. Related amounts receivable, net of BIEC, totaled approximately $0.3 million and $0.2 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. In 2017, MasTec acquired an oil and gas pipeline equipment company that was formerly owned by a member of subsidiary management for approximately $40.6 million in cash and an estimated earn-out liability of $65.7 million, as adjusted, of which $5.7 million was paid in the second quarter of 2018. MasTec previously leased equipment from this company. In February 2018, MasTec acquired a construction management firm specializing in steel building systems, of which Juan Carlos Mas, who is the brother of Jorge Mas, Chairman of MasTec’s Board of Directors, and José R. Mas, MasTec’s Chief Executive Officer, was a minority owner, for approximately $6.1 million in cash and an estimated earn-out liability of approximately $0.7 million, as adjusted. The net assets acquired included notes payable to the former owners totaling approximately $2.6 million, which amount was subsequently repaid.
MasTec rents and leases equipment and purchases equipment supplies used in its business from a number of different vendors, and from time to time, rents equipment to certain entities, including CCI, in which it has a 15% equity investment. Juan Carlos Mas serves as the chairman of CCI, and a member of management of a MasTec subsidiary is a minority owner. For the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, MasTec paid CCI approximately $9.0 million and $22.9 million, net of rebates, respectively, for equipment supplies, rentals, leases and servicing, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, MasTec paid CCI approximately $19.9 million and $34.9 million, net of rebates, respectively. Amounts payable to CCI, net of rebates receivable, totaled approximately $22.9 million as of September 30, 2018, and as of December 31, 2017, were de minimis. Revenue from equipment rentals to CCI totaled approximately $0.3 million for both the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, and related amounts receivable totaled approximately $0.3 million as of September 30, 2018.
MasTec has a subcontracting arrangement with an entity for the performance of construction services, the minority owners of which include an entity controlled by Jorge Mas and José R. Mas, along with two members of management of a MasTec subsidiary. For the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, MasTec incurred approximately $1.1 million and $39.2 million, respectively, of expenses under this subcontracting arrangement, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, MasTec incurred approximately $7.8 million and $54.8 million,

23



respectively. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, related amounts payable totaled approximately $1.9 million and $2.0 million, respectively.
MasTec leases employees to a customer in which Jorge Mas and José R. Mas own a majority interest. For both the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, MasTec charged approximately $0.2 million to this customer, and for both the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, charged $0.6 million. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, outstanding receivables related to this employee leasing arrangement totaled approximately $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively. The Company also provides satellite communication services to this customer. For both the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue from satellite communication services provided to this customer totaled approximately $0.2 million, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, totaled approximately $0.7 million and $0.6 million, respectively. As of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, amounts receivable from this arrangement totaled approximately $0.3 million.
MasTec has a leasing arrangement for an aircraft that is owned by an entity that Jorge Mas owns. For the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, MasTec paid approximately $0.9 million and $0.5 million, respectively, under this leasing arrangement, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, paid approximately $2.0 million and $1.5 million, respectively. As of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, related amounts payable were de minimis.
The Company has a 40% interest in an entity related to a 2017 acquisition that is accounted for as an equity method investment. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, advances outstanding from this entity, net, totaled approximately $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively.
The Company’s Pacer subsidiary has a subcontracting arrangement with a contractual joint venture in which it holds a 35% undivided interest. For the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue recognized by the Company in connection with this arrangement totaled approximately $0.2 million and $0.6 million, respectively, and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, totaled approximately $0.6 million and $0.9 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, accounts receivable, net of BIEC, from this contractual joint venture totaled approximately $0.1 million and $0.8 million, respectively. Outstanding performance guarantees on behalf of this contractual joint venture, which are based on the original full contract value of the associated project, totaled Canadian $132.1 million as of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (or approximately $102.3 million and $105.1 million, respectively). Additionally, the Company provided project-related financing in connection with this contractual joint venture of approximately $0.6 million and $2.7 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and approximately $2.7 million and $5.9 million for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Non-controlling interests in entities consolidated by the Company represent ownership interests held by members of management of certain of the Company’s subsidiaries, primarily in the Company’s Oil and Gas segment. The Company made distributions of earnings to holders of its non-controlling interests of $0.6 million in the first quarter of 2018 and $1.3 million in the first quarter of 2017. In October 2017, the Company acquired the remaining non-controlling interests of one of these entities, with which it previously had a subcontracting arrangement for the performance of ancillary oil and gas construction services, for approximately $21.4 million in cash and an estimated earn-out liability of $11.0 million, as adjusted, of which $4.6 million was paid in the second quarter of 2018.
Split Dollar Agreements
In the first quarter of 2018, Jorge Mas, the Company, and José R. Mas and Juan Carlos Mas, as trustees of the Jorge Mas trust, entered into an amended and restated split dollar life insurance agreement that replaced the prior split dollar agreement with Jorge Mas. Additionally, in the first quarter of 2018, José R. Mas, the Company, and Jorge Mas, Juan Carlos Mas and Patricia Mas, as trustees of the José R. Mas trust, entered into an amended and restated split dollar life insurance agreement that replaced the prior split dollar life insurance agreement with José R. Mas. For details of the amended and restated split dollar life insurance agreements with each of Jorge and José R. Mas, see Note 15 - Related Party Transactions in the Company’s 2017 Form 10-K.
For both the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company paid $0.6 million in connection with the split dollar agreements for Jorge Mas, and no payments were made for José R. Mas. For both the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company paid $1.1 million in connection with the split dollar agreements for Jorge Mas, and paid $0.7 million for both the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 for José R. Mas. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, life insurance assets associated with these agreements, which amounts are included within other long-term assets, totaled approximately $18.5 million and $16.6 million, respectively.
Note 16Supplemental Guarantor Condensed Unaudited Consolidating Financial Information
The 4.875% Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured, unsubordinated, joint and several basis by certain of the Company’s existing and future 100%-owned direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries that are, as of September 30, 2018, each guarantors of the Credit Facility or other outstanding indebtedness (the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”). The Company’s subsidiaries organized outside of the United States and certain domestic subsidiaries (collectively, the “Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries”) do not guarantee these notes. A Guarantor Subsidiary’s guarantee is subject to release in certain customary circumstances, including upon the sale of a majority of the capital stock or substantially all of the assets of such Guarantor Subsidiary; if the Guarantor Subsidiary’s guarantee under the Company’s Credit Facility and other indebtedness is released or discharged (other than due to payment under such guarantee); or when the requirements for legal defeasance are satisfied or the obligations are discharged in accordance with the related indentures.
The following supplemental financial information sets forth the condensed unaudited consolidating balance sheets and the condensed unaudited consolidating statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) and cash flows for MasTec, Inc., the Guarantor Subsidiaries on a combined basis, the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries on a combined basis and the eliminations necessary to arrive at the information for the Company as reported on a consolidated basis. Eliminations represent adjustments to eliminate investments in subsidiaries and intercompany balances and transactions between or among MasTec, Inc., the Guarantor Subsidiaries and the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries.  Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for using the equity method for this presentation.

24



CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (in millions)
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Revenue
$

 
$
1,894.5

 
$
102.3

 
$
(19.6
)
 
$
1,977.2

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 
1,603.0

 
98.0

 
(19.6
)
 
1,681.4

Depreciation and amortization

 
49.7

 
5.2

 

 
54.9

General and administrative expenses
0.7

 
73.2

 
6.4

 

 
80.3

Interest expense (income), net

 
38.7

 
(16.4
)
 

 
22.3

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 
(7.7
)
 

 
(7.7
)
Other expense (income), net

 
2.1

 
(1.8
)
 

 
0.3

(Loss) income before income taxes
$
(0.7
)
 
$
127.8

 
$
18.6

 
$

 
$
145.6

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes
0.2

 
(35.9
)
 
10.6



 
(25.1
)
Net (loss) income before equity in income from subsidiaries
$
(0.5
)
 
$
91.9

 
$
29.2

 
$

 
$
120.5

Equity in income from subsidiaries, net of tax
121.2

 

 

 
(121.2
)
 

Net income (loss)
$
120.7

 
$
91.9

 
$
29.2

 
$
(121.2
)
 
$
120.5

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.1
)
Net income (loss) attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
120.7

 
$
91.9

 
$
29.3

 
$
(121.2
)
 
$
120.7

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
124.9

 
$
91.9

 
$
33.6

 
$
(125.5
)
 
$
124.9


For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Revenue
$

 
$
1,860.3

 
$
105.4

 
$
(9.9
)
 
$
1,955.8

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 
1,634.5

 
101.6

 
(9.9
)
 
1,726.2

Depreciation and amortization

 
42.7

 
7.4

 

 
50.1

General and administrative expenses
0.5

 
62.0

 
3.9

 

 
66.4

Interest expense (income), net

 
33.3

 
(15.7
)
 

 
17.6

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 
(7.4
)
 

 
(7.4
)
Other income, net

 
(4.6
)
 
(0.1
)
 

 
(4.7
)
(Loss) income before income taxes
$
(0.5
)
 
$
92.4

 
$
15.7

 
$

 
$
107.6

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes
0.2

 
(35.1
)
 
(8.5
)
 

 
(43.4
)
Net (loss) income before equity in income from subsidiaries
$
(0.3
)
 
$
57.3

 
$
7.2

 
$

 
$
64.2

Equity in income from subsidiaries, net of tax
64.0

 

 

 
(64.0
)
 

Net income (loss)
$
63.7

 
$
57.3

 
$
7.2

 
$
(64.0
)
 
$
64.2

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

 
0.8

 
(0.3
)
 

 
0.4

Net income (loss) attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
63.7

 
$
56.5

 
$
7.5

 
$
(64.0
)
 
$
63.8

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
65.2

 
$
57.3

 
$
8.7

 
$
(65.5
)
 
$
65.7


25



For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Revenue
$

 
$
4,717.0

 
$
372.0

 
$
(97.1
)
 
$
4,991.9

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 
4,048.2

 
334.2

 
(97.1
)
 
4,285.3

Depreciation and amortization

 
139.2

 
17.3

 

 
156.5

General and administrative expenses
2.3

 
195.6

 
13.6

 

 
211.5

Interest expense (income), net

 
108.7

 
(48.5
)
 

 
60.2

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 
(19.1
)
 

 
(19.1
)
Other expense (income), net

 
0.8

 
(2.8
)
 

 
(2.0
)
(Loss) income before income taxes
$
(2.3
)
 
$
224.5

 
$
77.3

 
$

 
$
299.4

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes
0.6

 
(60.9
)
 
(11.7
)
 

 
(72.0
)
Net (loss) income before equity in income from subsidiaries
$
(1.7
)
 
$
163.6

 
$
65.6

 
$

 
$
227.4

Equity in income from subsidiaries, net of tax
229.4

 

 

 
(229.4
)
 

Net income (loss)
$
227.7

 
$
163.6

 
$
65.6

 
$
(229.4
)
 
$
227.4

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 
(0.3
)
 

 
(0.3
)
Net income (loss) attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
227.7

 
$
163.6

 
$
65.9

 
$
(229.4
)
 
$
227.7

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
240.6

 
$
163.6

 
$
78.3

 
$
(242.2
)
 
$
240.3


For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Revenue
$

 
$
4,763.4

 
$
278.8

 
$
(38.1
)
 
$
5,004.1